All Tweddle programs are underpinned by the evidence relating to the adverse impact on infants and toddlers who experience traumatic stress in the crucial early childhood development period.

According to Nobel Laureate Professor James Heckman, the basic skills needed for success are formed before children enter school. Investing early helps to prevent the achievement gap, and investing in disadvantaged children provides the greatest returns.

Research and Evidence – Early Years Investment

Zero to Three
Centre on The Developing Child – Harvard University
Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE study)
The economics of Early Years Investment – Wave Trust

Tweddle Research Partnerships, Publications and Papers

  • COVID‐19 pandemic for families of infants involved with Child Protection Services for maltreatment concerns in Health and Social Care in the Community. You can access the published article here.
  • Strengthening Hospital Responses to Family Violence Project and a research study with the Royal Melbourne Hospital titled ‘Assisting clients experiencing family violence: Clinician and client survey responses in a child and family health service’. A journal article was written and has been accepted for publication in the Journal of Clinical Nursing.
  • A paper was presented in October 2020 at the Australasian Marcé Society for Perinatal Mental Health. The title was ‘An Infant Led Approach to Innovative Practice’ and it described the positive outcomes of Tweddle’s Home Parenting Education Program (HoPES).
  • Published ‘Working Out Dads’ to promote men’s mental and physical health in early fatherhood: ‘A mixed-methods evaluation’. Journal of Family Studies
  • Tweddle partnered with Associate Professor Rebecca Giallo from the Murdoch Children’s Research Institute and research team who were awarded a Commonwealth Government Medical Research Future Fund – Million Minds Mission grant which will deliver collaborative research into suicide prevention among new dads and a rigorous evaluation of Tweddle’s Working Out Dads program.
  • Tweddle participated in The Strengthening Hospitals Response to Family Violence and completed the following research “Assisting clients experiencing family violence: Clinician and client survey responses in a child and family health service”. A journal article has been published in the Journal of Clinical Nursing.
  • A mixed-methods feasibility study of the Tweddle program, Home Parenting Education and Support Program (HoPES) for families at risk of child maltreatment and recurrence in Australia, has been published in the Science Direct journal, Child Abuse & Neglect. The HoPES program is an intensive 8-week home-visiting intervention for families of infants and young children (0–4 years) receiving child protection services or welfare services. The aims of the study, which involved 30 families and 8 Tweddle clinicians, were to explore parents’ and clinicians’ perceptions of the outcomes related to participation in HoPES, and to obtain preliminary data about potential intervention outcomes related to parent-child interactions, parent mental health, and parenting self-efficacy. The study can be found here.
  • “We’re in the background”: Facilitators and barriers to fathers’ engagement and participation in a health intervention during the early parenting period. The study, published in the Health Promotion Journal of Australia, Volume32, IssueS2 October 2021, Pages 78-86, involved dads attending Tweddle’s Working Out Dads, can be found here.

The impact of population growth on perinatal services

In November 2017, the impact of population growth on perinatal services was discussed at a Parliamentary hearing when Tweddle Australia presented to the Family and Community Development Committee. Here, Dr Nicole Milburn speaks about the challenges facing Early Parenting Centres and parents in the very early years.


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